Bhojpur emerged as a district on 18th December, 1972 by carving out the old Shahabad with headquarters at Ara . It is situated between 250 15' N to 250 N latitude, 840 45' E to 85015' E longitude at an attitude of 192.98 meters above means sea level. There are 14 blocks, 249 Panchayats and 1244 villages in district. It is surrounded by river Ganga in the North, Rohtas District in South, River Sone in the East and Buxar district in the West.
The district is spread over 2, 33, 77,729.15 hectares out of which 1, 86,519 hectares of land is cultivable. Though, Paddy is cultivated as the main crop in the district, other cereals like Wheat, Maize, Sorghum, Pulses like Pigeon Pea, Lentil, Chickpea, Field Pea etc. and oilseeds like Mustard, Toria & Linseed are also grown.
The district falls under Zone III B (South Bihar Alluvial Plain) Agro-climatic Zone where soil varies from heavy clay to sandy clay. The average annual rainfall is about 1200 mm and temperature varies from 90C to 400C. Canal and private tube wells are the major source of irrigation in the district.
Rural development in general and agriculture in particular got a momentum in this district since inception of KVK in the year 1994. KVK since its inception had done a remarkable work for the benefit of rural societies despite several financial, administrative and infrastructural constraints. By the sincere efforts of KVK the agriculture scenario of the district has significantly changed.
KVK has introduced several new varieties of Cereals, Pulses, Oilseeds and horticultural crops for e.g. Rajendra Sweta, Rajendra Mahsuri-1 in Paddy, Rohini chhapka & Pusa Jai Kishan in Mustard; K-75, L - 4076 & PL – 639,PL-8 in case of lentil, HD - 2643, HD – 2733, HD 2967 in wheat crop . KVK has also introduced new vegetables say Capsicum, Kharif onion, Fennel & the farmers of the region are being benefited in terms of income as well as quality. The technologies, like use of Zero Tillage, Vermi composting, Mentha is also being done in the district with the help of KVK. Recently for promotion of sugarcane in good area had been placed under seed production programme of new varieties with support of Sugarcane Industrial Department, Govt. of Bihar.
KVK had also established one Poultry Unit (to promote back yard poultry among BPL SHG), Distillation unit for Medicinal and Aromatic plants & Solar Energy Park for awareness and tapping of non conventional energy sources.
Besides, earlier mentioned achievement the KVK had played a major role in promotion of crop diversification with the help of BAU, Sabour, Bhagalpur and DrRPCAU, Pusa, Samastipur and district administration Bhojpur with introduction of large scale commercial floriculture. KVK had also started the seed village scheme which resulted in establishment of Seed Company having annual turnover of Rs 45 million with production of Kharif and Rabi seeds of Cereals Oilseeds, Pulses and Vegetables.
Dr. P. K. Dwivedi
Sri Niles Kumar
Smt. Supriya Verma
Sri S. B. Kumar
Dr. Sachidanand Singh
Dr. Anil Kumar Yadav
Sri S. Raghuvanshi
Radha Krishn Nair
Integration of Farmers group for Pulses and allied Seed Production
Agro-ecology, Farming Situation Analysis with Problem Statement (not more than 150 words): Mr. Pravin Kumar Singh,Village Hematpur, Ara was a 32 years Matriculate farmer having 8 ha land in flood prone area with minimum or no Kharif crop. He with co-villegers of Hematpur and adjoining areas were traditionally growing Maize and Paddy during Kharif and many of times due to flood, there was no yield in Kharif season . Thus, Kharif crops was as good as gamble in this northern part of Ara Block due Gangetic floods.
During 2010-11,under"Technology Demonstration for Harnessing Pulses Production" programme, KVK, SCADA, Bhojpur has taken initiation for Lentil Demonstration with a very promising variety HUL-57. For their surprise, the Lentil yield was 12-16 qt./ha. with all odds. There was strong demand for this cultivars and shared by adjoing farmers like hot cake.
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Village & PO - Dawan, PS & Block - Jagdishpur, Bhojpur,
Dist. - Bhojpur - 802155 (Bihar) India
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